Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which there is excessive pressure on the median nerve, which is found in the wrist. This nerve provides sensitivity and movement to the thumb, index, middle and part of the ring finger. As it passes through the carpal tunnel, the median nerve may be compressed (carpal tunnel syndrome), causing numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage in the hand and fingers.
What is the carpal tunnel syndrome?
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the symptoms produced by compression of the median nerve as it passes through the carpal tunnel. There is a space on the wrist called the carpal tunnel where the middle nerve and nine tendons pass from the forearm to the hand. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when pressure builds up on the nerve due to inflammation.
The median nerve is responsible for giving sensitivity to the thumb, index, middle and part of the ring finger, so these will be affected by the symptoms.
It occurs in 3 out of every 1.000 people, being more frequent in women and in the white race.
What symptoms does carpal tunnel syndrome cause?
Patients affected by compression of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel syndrome usually present with burning and numbness pain in the thumb, index, middle and part of the ring finger. That feeling gets worse during the night and after certain repetitive movements in which the hand is closed.
With the advance of the disease, the hand feels heavy and clumsy when holding objects. It can lead to permanent damage and difficulty moving the hand.
Early detection and treatment are important to prevent permanent damage to the nerves.
Frequently the symptoms can be relieved without surgery. Identifying and treating medical conditions, changing hand patterns or keeping the wrist splinted in a straight position may help reduces pressure on the nerve. By using splints on the wrist at night the symptoms that interfere with sleep could be alleviated.
Surgery is recommended when symptoms persist for more than 6 months despite recommended measures and ambulatory medical treatment (infiltration, physiotherapy …), or when muscle or nerve damage is detected.
It is a minimally invasive procedure, very common and with many complications. It is a procedure that is performed under local anesthesia, through a small incision. The patient can return home the same day of the procedure.
For more information, our Instituto de Traumatología Barcelona specialists will inform you and pay the utmost attention.
Call us at 937 906 347 and we will inform you.